Impact of COVID-19 on education sector

Most government around the world has temporarily closed all schools and colleges in an attempt to spread the corona virus which is the most infectious disease and doesn’t have any treatment.

This closure of school and colleges have impacted almost 60% of the students around the world.It has enforced the world wide lock down creating very bad effect on the students’ life.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has advised us that change is inevitable. It has worked as a catalyst for the educational institutions to grow and opt for platforms and techniques, which have not been used before. The education sector has been fighting to survive the crises with a different approach and digitizing the challenges to wash away the threat of the pandemic. Both the positive and negative impacts of COVID-19 are discussed below:

Negative impact of COVID-19

1. Unprepared teachers for online education

2. Passive learning by students

3. Student recruitment process changed

4. Students mental health effecting in some cases it might be lead to depression

5. Unequal access to technology and educational resources

6. Childcare

7. Nutrition and food insecurity

1. Unprepared teachers for online education:

Most schools, teachers and parents are not prepared to handle online education. Online education has left the teachers overwork. In some schools it is mandatory to prepare assignments, so after four hours of work extra hours for their work preparation.

In some cases it is also the fear of technology (especially in older teachers) and poor internet connectivity, low and irregular attendance of students, lack of attention (specially for smaller kids), and also household chores pressure of teachers.

Earlier, teachers might just been fearful of job losses, now they also face the prospect of non-payment of salaries and some school also started to job cutting and many teachers are losing jobs, so in short online education is a dreaded activity now for many teachers.

2. Passive learning  by students

In country like India, where internet infra was not ready for online education And curriculum was also not designed in such a format which has made most of our students passive learners and they seem to be losing interest due to low level of attention.

3. Student recruitment process changed

Schools and colleges are facing a major risk of losing students .The risk is so high that they need to look into their admission practices and criteria. They have made it easy as compared to earlier process in the risk of losing students. For example, earlier many colleges and universities conducted entrance exam for their graduation study but now it is only on 12 marks of the students.

4. Students mental health affecting in some cases it might be lead to depression

With limited access to regular interactions with friends and peers, children are increasingly resorting to online interactive platforms, such as social media. Locked at home, children are experiencing a range of psychological issues such as anxiety, depression etc. This is not surprising as part of lockdown children are confined to their home and their regular activities are hampering. Physical activities has also limited as compared to pre covid era. Whether small or big children both are spending more time on mobile or TV because they have to do online classes so it is necessary but after that to decrease boredom on screen again mobile or TV, they are confined and doesn’t have more options. So this is going to be a big problem for our society.

5. Unequal access to technology and educational resources

In India, online education is a big problem in rural areas because they have lack of technology, internet connectivity, this is a big obstacle for them to continue learning.

6. Childcare

School closures puts a strain on parents or guardians to provide childcare and manage all things of them, starting from whether children is concentrating in classes or not (Especially small children) to teaching them and complete their assignments. Parents have to consider not only children safety but also their academic progress and their well being after month of isolation and this has become more difficult to those who are single parent or working.

7. Nutrition and food insecurity

Nutrition plays a critical role in cognitive development and academic performance for children. Many children worldwide rely on free or discounted meals at schools. When schools close, nutrition is especially compromised for children in schools where food is provided. In India, rural areas is the most affected due to this not only nutrition their education has also discontinued.

Positive impact of COVID 19

1. Blended learning

2. Improved learning materials

3. Boost for some companies

4. Teachers improvement

1. Blended learning

Now the blended learning will be the fashion, now every school will try different models and structure of study. Teachers will be more tech savvy and trained. so this is good system for Indian education system.

2. Improved learning materials

So in short transparency will be more in academics, new hybrid model of education will emerge, with significant benefits. The integration of information technology in education will be further accelerated and that online education will eventually become an integral component of school and colleges.

Learning online can be more effective in a number of ways; some research shows that on average, students retain 25-60% more material when learning online compared to only 8-10% in a classroom. This is mostly due to the students being able to learn faster online; e-learning requires 40-60% less time to learn than in a traditional classroom setting because students can learn at their own pace, going back and re-reading, skipping, or accelerating through concepts as they choose.

3. Boost for some companies

This is a boost for many companies who want to change the way of learning and very good opportunity for existed online learning companies because they are already established with this way of learning. For e.g. In India BYJU’s, Vedanta, etc.

4. Teachers improvement

As the competition will be increasing and only that Teachers will be survived in this industry who keep themselves updated and obviously tech savvy.

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